1791

2. tisíciletí
  17. stol.18. století • 19. stol.  
◄◄     17871788178917901791 • 1792 • 1793 • 1794 • 1795     ►►

1791 (MDCCXCI) byl rok, který dle gregoriánského kalendáře započal sobotou.

Události

Probíhající události

Vědy a umění

Narození

Česko

Václav Hanka (* 10. června)

Svět

Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart (* 26. července)

Úmrtí

Česko

Svět

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart († 5. prosince)

Hlavy států

Externí odkazy

Digitalizované noviny a časopisy z roku 1791:

Média použitá na této stránce

Faraday-Millikan-Gale-1913.jpg
Photograph of Michael Faraday
Wolfgang-amadeus-mozart 1.jpg

This posthumous portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was painted by Barbara Kraft at the request of Joseph Sonnleithner in 1819, long after Mozart died. Sonnleithner, who was making a "collection of portraits in oils of well-known composers" (Deutsch) wrote to Mozart's still-living sister Maria Anna ("Nannerl"), asking her to lend a picture to Kraft (a well-known artist working in Salzburg). Here is part of Nannerl's reply:

... [her friend ] Councillor von Drossdick ... sent the artist to me to see all 3 [of my] pictures [of Mozart], the one that was painted when he came back from the Italian journey is the oldest, he was then just 16 years old, but as he had just got up from a serious illness, the picture looks sickly and very yellow; the picture in the family portrait when he was 22 years old is very good, and the miniature, when he was 26 years old, is the most recent I have, I therefore shewed this one to the painter first; it seemed to me from her silence that is would not be very easy to enlarge it, I therefore had to shew her the family portrait and the other one, too. ... she wants to take her copy from the family portrait and introduce only those features from the small picture which make him look somewhat older than in the big picture."

Deutsch identifies the three pictures as:

  1. "Perhaps" the portrait by Knoller, Milan 1773. [1]
  2. The family portrait by della Croce.
  3. A lost small version of the famous portrait by Joseph Lange.
For present purposes, this implies that Kraft painted this with some basis to go on (and not completely out of her head, as the painter of this ridiculous picture did). Also, it tells us that Nannerl thought that the della Croce picture was "very good".
CharlesBabbage.jpg

Obituary portrait of Charles Babbage (1791-1871) published in a newspaper. This portrait was derived from a photograph of Babbage taken at the Fourth International Statistical Congress which took place in London in July 1860.[1]