1882

2. tisíciletí
  18. stol.19. století • 20. stol.  
◄◄     18781879188018811882 • 1883 • 1884 • 1885 • 1886     ►►

1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) byl rok, který dle gregoriánského kalendáře započal nedělí.

Události

Česko

Svět

Gotthardský železniční tunel

Probíhající události

Vědy a umění

Knihy

Narození

Automatický abecedně řazený seznam viz Kategorie:Narození 1882

Česko

Ivan Olbracht (* 6. leden)
Jaromír John (* 16. duben)
Rudolf Těsnohlídek (* 7. červen)
Alberto Vojtěch Frič (* 8. září)

Svět

Virginia Woolfová (* 25. leden)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (†* 30. leden)
James Joyce (* 2. únor)
Georges Braque (†* 13. květen)
Sigrid Undsetová (* 20. květen)
Georgi Dimitrov (*18. červen)
Gustav VI. Adolf (* 11. listopad)
Max Born (* 11. prosinec)

Úmrtí

Automatický abecedně řazený seznam existujících biografií viz Kategorie:Úmrtí 1882

Česko

Emanuel Purkyně († 23. květen; botanik)

Svět

Charles Darwin († 19. duben)
Giuseppe Garibaldi († 2. červen)

Hlavy států

Externí odkazy

Digitalizované noviny a časopisy z roku 1882:

Média použitá na této stránce

Sigrid Undset OB.RP18176a.jpg
Autor: Ernest Rude , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Sigrid Undset, portrett, kvinne, forfatterinne, brystbilde.
James Joyce by Alex Ehrenzweig, 1915 cropped.jpg
James Joyce, 1 photographic print, b&w, cartes-de-visites, 9.2 x 6.1 on mount 10.5 x 6.5 cm.
Georgi Dimitrow.png
Georgi Mikhaylovich Dimitrov (1882-1949)
Cropped Portrait of FDR.jpg
Autor: FDR Presidential Library & Museum, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Portrait of President Roosevelt
Charles Darwin by Elliott and Fry.jpg
Charles Darwin in 1881. From a photograph by Messrs. Elliott and Fry.
Alberto Fric Bozinka Praha 1924.jpg
Alberto Vojtech Frič in Praha, villa "Bozinka" (1924)
Garibaldi (1866).jpg
Giuseppe Garibaldi.
Rudolf Tesnohlidek.jpg
Rudolf Těsnohlídek (1882–1928) byl český spisovatel, básník, dramatik, novinář a překladatel. Autor bajky O lišce Bystroušce.
JohnJaromir1923.jpg
Jaromír John, (Bohumil Markalous) (1882–1952), český spisovatel
Saliha Naciye.png
Wife of Abdulhamid II
Virginia Woolf 1927.jpg
Photograph of Virginia Woolf with hand on face wearing a fur stole (10 x 15 centimeters).
This is a picture from one of Virginia Woolf's own photo albums at Monk's House which were acquired at an auction at Sotheby's in 1982 (cf. Maggie Humm, Snapshots of Bloomsbury: The Private Lives of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell, p. 187), gifted in 1983 by Frederick R. Koch to the Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Libray, Harvard University, and afterwards scanned and uploaded by the library. The Guide published by the library describes collectively the photographs in the album as "snapshots possibly taken by Virginia Woolf or by her friends and family". When the Harvard librarians know who took the picture, they generally indicate it (e.g. Man Ray for this one). This particular photograph is simply described as "Woolf Virginia [1927]". The verso of the photograph bears no mention allowing an identification of the photographer, but simply indicates - faintly pencilled - the portrait has been made in London (see file:Virginia Woolf 1927 verso detail.png). The photograph is reproduced here without any copyright indication and on the cover of Virginia Woolf and the Discourse of Science: The Aesthetics of Astronomy by Holly Henry (Cambridge University Press, 2003) with the following credit : "Studio photograph of Virginia Woolf (c. 1927) reprinted by permission of the Mortimer Rare Book Room, Smith College" (p. XII) [, the Smith College having been presented by Esther Cloudman Dunn another print of the same picture]. The photograph was, according to the Smith College Library's web site, "used for promotion" by Harcourt Brace, the publisher of the American version of To the Lighthouse in 1927. In Virginia Woolf Icon (University of Chicago Press, 1999), Brenda Silver describes the photograph as an "(unidentified) studio photograph" and comments it "appear[ed] in in an number of Harcourt Brace ads and articles about Woolf and/or her works in the States during the late 1920s ans the 1930s" (p. 132). It was in particular published with no copyright notice in a review of the book published by The New York Times on May 8, 1927 and another review published by The Bookshelf Review in June 1927. The photograph was exhibited in the show Virginia Woolf: Art, Life and Vision at the National Portrait Gallery in London in 2014 with the following caption : "by Unknown photographer, 1927. Courtesy of the Mortimer Rare Book Room, Neilson Library, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts".
Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910.jpg
Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910
Emanuel Purkyně 1868.jpg
Emanuel Purkyně (1831-1882) byl český meteorolog a botanik, syn Jana Evangelisty Purkyně.
Göschenen traforo Gottardo portale nord.jpg
Autor: Kecko, Licence: CC BY 2.0
The northern portal of the Gotthard railway tunnel with the Roman numeral for the year 1882 of the inauguration ceremony. The right portal is the actual tunnel. The left tunnel was built around 1960. The tracks of the left portal ending after 195 m at a buffer stop. A switch joins after the portal the left track with the right track, and leads at 140 m across to the main tunnel where it connects at 215 m with the left track of the main tunnel. This extension of the station was needed for the switches up to the platform of the car shuttle trains. The military connections to the Gotthard tunnel are still secret, except the one in Airolo. However, they are no longer used. The engine drivers had always to be informed when military staff was in the tunnel. And that's no more happened since a long time. Just a little is revealed: There is a hidden <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/kecko/21035007460/">doorway</a> in the tunnel on the right. Switzerland, Oct 16, 2013.